3 Themes of the Book of James - Answers

This Bible study lesson focuses on the 3 themes of the Book of James, which are all found in the first chapter.  The 3 themes are: 

1) Trials

2) Wisdom

3) Poverty and Riches

Day One

1.  Given that the author of the Book of James is the physical or half-brother of Jesus Christ, how would you characterize his self-identification in verse 1?

Considering he was the brother of the Lord Jesus Christ, it's a very humble description of himself.  James doesn't mention his brother in a way that might give him an advantage; he says he's His slave and that Jesus is the Christ and his Lord.  

It's a humble description of himself but an appropriate description of the King of Kings. 

First Theme of the Book of James - Trials

2.  In verse 2 the topic of trials is introduced.  According to Yale Anchor Bible commentary, the word "trials" doesn't indicate circumstances that are sought or chosen, and the trials can result from internal temptation or external circumstances that will try or test a believer.  

Many have attempted to define the nature of the various trials but there's no real consensus.  Some have thought that the various trials are those facing James' original readers - Jewish Christians who spread out from Jerusalem in the first century.  It's thought that they faced trials in the form of persecution by economic injustice and oppression.

Others have argued that James is simply addressing trials in general.  The Pillar New Testament Commentary holds that ". . .a 'trial' refers to any difficulty in life that may threaten our faithfulness to Christ: physical illness, financial reversal, the death of a loved one.  James is not thinking of any particular trial, but the nature or essence of a 'trial.'" 

In any regard, we can't be sure of what the nature of the trials were for the original readers, or those that we ourselves will face today.  However, of one thing we can be certain, Christians will face various trials.  The key will be how we respond to them.

Open Doors USA reports that every month:

  • 322 Christians are killed for their faith
  • 214 Christian churches and properties are destroyed
  • 722 forms of violence are committed against Christians (such as beatings, abductions, rapes, arrests, and forced marriages)

Have you thought about what you would do if you faced a trial of persecution?

Your answer here


Day Two

3.  In verse 2, James doesn't say "if" you experience trials, he says "when" or "whenever" you experience trials, which indicates that we'll all undergo trials in our lives.  

Review verses 2, 3, and 4.  What's another way our trials are described?  Also, what does James command us to do about them, and what rationale does he give for his command?

Another way that James describes our trials is to say that they're a testing of our faith in verse 3. 

James commands us to be joyful when we face trials in verse 2.  

He provides the rationale for this in verse 3 where he says our trials produce endurance in the Holman Christian Standard Bible.  Other translations use the word patience, steadfastness, or perseverance.  James then says that the endurance under trials leads to our maturity and perfect completeness in verse 4.

Second Theme of the Book of James - Wisdom 

4.  In verse 5, James moves from a certain circumstance for all - trials, to one of a possible occurrence indicated by the conditional word "if".  The possible condition is someone lacking wisdom.  

But is it really wise to claim you're wise?  Who can say they're always wise?  We might say that we're wise on a particular matter in some respect, but who can say that he or she is wise enough and doesn't need to be more wise?

So in verse 5, James says if someone is lacking wisdom, then James tells his readers to ask God for it.  Review verses 5 through 8 to answer the following questions.

  • How does God give wisdom? God gives generously without criticizing or reproach
  • Who should ask Him for it? Anybody who lacks wisdom
  • How should one ask Him for it? In faith, believing and not doubting - The Message Bible renders verse 6: "Ask boldly, believingly, without a second thought."  Eugene H. Peterson, The Message: The Bible in Contemporary Language (Colorado Springs, CO: NavPress, 2005), Jas 1:6.

Day Three

Third Theme of the Book of James - Poverty and Riches

5.  In verses 9, 10, and 11, James tells his readers to be proud of their poverty or to be ashamed of their riches.  This implies that others would be aware of their financial circumstances.

Can you imagine a room full of people comparing their bank statements?  Imagine the poor so happy to be broke and the rich utterly humiliated because they're so rich.  Imagine the poor boasting because they're so broke and the rich ashamed of their riches.

Dr. Douglas Moo offers the following enlightenment on verses 9, 10, and 11 in the Pillar New Testament Commentary which is helpful to our understanding:

"In these verses James addresses two Christians, a poor one and a rich one. He exhorts each of them to look toward their spiritual identity as the measure of their ultimate significance.  

To the poor believer, tempted to feel insignificant and powerless because the world judges a person on the basis of money and status, James says: take pride in your exalted status in the spiritual realm as one seated in the heavenlies with Jesus Christ himself.

To the rich believer, tempted to think too much of himself because the world holds him in high esteem, James says: take pride not in your money or social position -- things that are all too soon to fade away forever -- but paradoxically, in your humble status as a person who identifies with the one who was 'despised and rejected' by the world.

The point of this passage is, then, that Christians must always evaluate themselves by spiritual and not material standards."

Why do you think we often mistakenly equate our self-worth or standing in the community with our financial status?  That's not how God sees us.

Also, why do Christians heed the appeal of the "name it and claim it" or "health and wealth" gospel preachers?

Your answer here

First Theme of the Book of James - Trials

6.  In verses 12 through 18, James returns to the first of 3 themes of the Book of James - trials or temptations.  He explains that when Christ followers endure trials and pass the testing of their faith, God rewards them with the promised crown of life (verse 12).  This reward isn't something that's enjoyed in this life.  Much more than that, the reward is exactly life itself - eternal life!  

Review verses 13, 14, and 15.  What explanation does James give for the source of our temptations?  Also, what insight can we gain on the source from the illustration he uses?

God is never the source of our temptations (verse 13).  Our own evil desires are the source of our temptations (verse 14).

From his illustration we can see the following truths.  Our evil desires are like someone focused on him or her self similar to someone looking to please his or her sexual appetite.  This focus on self pleasure results in creating in us something like a baby that grows inside us as we nourish it and feed it.  

It grows until it's fully developed and results in something that takes on a life of it's own - a living sin; it's as though it's a child born from our bodies.  Then, this sin born of our evil desires continues to grow until it gives birth itself.  But this baby of sin doesn't take on a life of it's own.  No, strangely enough, when this child of sin is born it becomes the ultimate result of sin - death or lack of life.     

It's ironic that James uses the idea of life itself and how life is actually created to illustrate the idea of sin and it's ultimate result of death.  Here in this first chapter of James we learn that our trials can lead to our Christian maturity (verse 4) or to sin if we give in to them, or lose our trials caused by our evil desires (verse 14).

Day Four

7.  In verse 16, we see that we're not to be deceived about God.  James explained earlier in verse 13 that God doesn't tempt us.  Instead, we see His true nature in verses 17 and 18.  

What do we learn about God's true nature from verses 17 and 18?   Specifically, what can you say are the main ideas about God in your own words from each of these two verses?

One man's answer:

Verse 17

God is our Father who generously and always gives us good and perfect gifts.

Verse 18

God Himself chose to give us a new life through His message of truth. 

God's perfect and generous gift which results in our new birth is in direct contrast to the deadly results of our sin in verse 15. 

Second Theme of the Book of James - Wisdom 

8.  In verses 22 through 25, we see two pathways for those who hear the Word of God.  Build two profiles of someone taking each of the paths using the table below.

First Path

  • Who takes this path (verse 22)? he who is a doer of the Word of God and not a hearer only
  • What does he look into (verse 25)? the perfect law of freedom
  • What is the result of his looking? (verse 25)? he preservers in it and is not forgetful but does good works and is blessed in what he does

Second Path

  • Who takes this path (verse 23)? he who is a hearer but not a doer of the Word of God
  • What does he look into (verse 23)? his own face as in a mirror
  • What is the result of his looking? (verses 22 and 24)? he deceives himself and forgets what kind of man he was

We must not deceive ourselves; we must live our lives between the two slogans of "Just Say No" (to sin) and "Just Do It!" (to the right thing before God).  We mustn't be just a hearer, but also a doer of the Word of God. 

Day Five

9.  In verses 19 through 26, James returns to the second of 3 themes of the Book of James - wisdom.  Here James asks his readers to understand that they need to do three things:

  • be quick to hear
  • be slow to speak
  • be slow to anger

What habits can we form to help us to be quick to hear, slow to speak, and slow to anger?  Also, what's the result of forming these habits and how can it glorify God?

Your answer here

Third Theme of the Book of James - Poverty and Riches

10.  In verses 26 and 27 James identifies three marks of someone who truly "has religion"; he explains it's someone who:

  • has a controlled tongue
  • looks after widows and orphans (or those who cannot provide for themselves)
  • is unstained by the world

We see in verse 27, that James returns to the third of 3 themes of the Book of James - poverty and riches.  Poverty was commonly the condition of widows and orphans in James' day.  Old Testament laws provided for their welfare and here James carries the idea forward to his Christian readers who we would suppose were able to look after them. 

Some contend that verse 27 is the thesis of James' letter, that the essence of everything in the letter comes down to the two-part definition of a true Christ follower given in that verse.  First, that faith without works isn't true religion; and secondly, that good works without a holy life isn't true religion.  These two traits aren't all inclusive of the Christ follower, but they're essential.

Think about how people to whom you wish to witness would perceive you if you had one of these traits but not the other.  Why does it make a difference?

If you meet someone who is in need and you tell them that God loves them but you don't offer to help them even though you have the means to do so, it's an example of faith without works.  They will see that you have faith in God; but they will also see that your faith hasn't made a difference in your life to the point that you're willing to help them even though it appears you have the means to, then it doesn't present a very convincing witness.  

On the other hand, if you meet someone in need and you help them but don't share your faith with them and don't explain that you're helping them because of your faith; this is an example of works without faith.  They surely may be glad to receive the help, but they will attribute the good works to you alone.  If you had

 shared your faith in God and explained that you were helping them because of your faith, God would receive the glory and your testimony would be an example of faith and works.

We should endeavor to present a good witness by coupling our faith with good works whenever possible to love our neighbors as ourselves.

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